The African Bird’s Eye chili pepper is a very hot pepper and has a Scoville heat unit rating of 100,000 to 225,000 SHU. It originated in Guyana and it is a rather small and round pepper that is only about an inch wide and one inch in length. They are called a “bird’s eye” pepper because they are small enough for birds to eat and their seeds are then spread by the birds. In many circles this chili pepper is also called a “piri piri.”
Bird’s Eye peppers are light green while they are growing and then they turn to an orange color and finally to a very bright red once they mature. It can take more than 120 days for a pepper to mature. The plants reach about 50 inches in height.
How Bird’s Eye Chili Peppers are Used
Many cuisines incorporate the use of chili peppers because they add fiery spice to the dishes. Bird’s Eye peppers are milder than many chilies but they are often used for fish or seafood dishes and other non-vegetable platters. The Bird’s Eye also has value in the medical field and has some major health benefits. It is often used for easing arthritic pain, treating stomach conditions, to relieve gas and alleviate toothaches. They are also used in agricultural endeavors. They make a very good natural insect repellent or pesticide when ground and mixed with water.
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